Universities have been around for centuries, and in that time period, they have undergone significant changes. A century ago, universities were still largely seen as posh, exclusive institutions only accessible for the very bright and wealthy. Today, they have rebranded themselves as much more cutting edge innovation-hubs preparing the workforce of tomorrow. At the start of the 20th century, universities were primarily focused on providing students with a liberal arts education, emphasizing subjects such as history, literature, and philosophy. Over time, however, the role of universities has expanded to include a wider range of disciplines and a greater emphasis on practical skills and hands-on experience.
One of the most notable changes in the past century has been the rapid advancement of technology and its impact on the university experience. From online courses and virtual classrooms to advanced research tools and simulations, technology has revolutionized the way students learn. Digitalization areas such as gamification, learning management systems, and cloud-based technologies have grown immensely. This has not only created new opportunities for students to learn but has completely changed how students learn. A regular day at university today might entail a student following a lecture online, completing a small challenge online, earning a new badge, getting a tailored progress report, and then a suggested list of tasks to help deepen their knowledge. Quite a difference, especially compared to a professor writing on a chalkboard 100 years ago.
Besides technology, universities have also become more focused on preparing students for the workforce. Today's universities offer a range of practical skills and hands-on experiences, such as internships, co-op programs, and entrepreneurship opportunities, that help students build their resumes and gain real-world experience. Connecting students to society/real-life situations has become a much more central element. As more students are studying than ever before, just having a degree is no longer enough, and employers are always looking for students who have demonstrated their capabilities outside the classroom textbook. This has become so important, that the percentage of students who attain a job within a year after graduation has become one of the most central indicators in university rankings. No wonder universities are doing everything they can to make students employable.
Another significant change over the past century has been the increasing globalization of universities. Today, universities are more connected to the world than ever before, with students and faculty from around the globe coming together to share ideas, collaborate on research, and learn from one another. This has led to a greater diversity of perspectives, a deeper understanding of other cultures, and a more interconnected and interdependent world. Whereas a century ago you would be studying one particular subject at one particular university, you may now follow a program that is offered at multiple universities across the world or co-organized by different faculties.